ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Friday, September 21, 2018

Yedayanthittu estuary

Yedayanthittu estuary 

Name of the River
Ongur
Place
Alambari
District Villupuram
State Tamil Nadu
Average depth 0.5 m
Type of the Estuary Bar-built
Water temperature 31° C
Nature of the Substratum Hard-Muddy
Salinity 46 ppt
Dissolved oxygen 5.10  ml/l
   
Commercially important Shellfishes Crassostrea madrasensis, Saccostrea cucullata

 

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Table 1. Species diversity and occurrence of fish at Yedayanthittu Estuary and Rivulet behind Kurumpuram Reserve Forest
Sl. No.
Scientific name
English name
Local name
(Phoenetic Tamil)
Estuary
Rivulet
 
 
1
Order: Anguilliformes Family: Anguillidae Anguilla bicolor
 
 
Indian Shortfin Eel
 
 
Vilangu
 
 
+
 
 
+
 
2
Family: Muraenesocidae
Congresox talabon
 
Indian Pike Conger
 
Pallankili
 
+
 
3
Muraenesox bagio
Common Pike Conger
Pallankili
+
 
 
4
Family: Ophichthidae
Bascanichthys deraniyagalai
 
Long-tailed Sand Eel
 
 
+
 
 
 
5
Order: Clupeiformes Family: Engraulidae Stolephorus tri
 
 
Spined Anchovy
 
 
Poriva
 
 
+
 
6
Stolephorus indicus
Indian Anchovy
Poriva
+
 
7
Thryssa mystax
Moustached Anchovy
Poriva
+
 
8
Thryssa purava
Oblique-jawed Anchovy
Poriva
+
 
9
Colia dussumieri
Grenadier Anchovy
Poriva
+
 
 
10
Family: Clupeidae
Anodontostoma chacunda
 
Chacunda Gizzard Shad
 
 
+
 
11
Nematalosa nasus
Bloch’s Gizzard Shad
Pachai Kutti, Ponneli,
Pon Kendai
+
+
 
 
12
Order: Elopiformes Family: Megalopidae Megalops cyprinoids
 
 
Indian Tarpon
 
 
 
+
 
 
+
 
 
13
Order: Gonorhynchiformes Family: Chanidae
Chanos chanos
 
 
Milkfish
 
 
Alathi
 
 
+
 
 
+
 
 
14
Order: Cypriniformes Family: Cyprinidae Puntius sophore
 
 
Spotfin Barb
 
 
Kulla Kendai
 
 
+
 
 
+
15
Puntius dorsalis
Kaveri Barb
Sall Kendai
 
+
16
Puntius vittatus
Greenstripe Barb
 
+
+
17
Amblyphrayngodon microlepis
Indian Carplet
Ori Kendai
 
+
18
Salmostoma clupeoides
Bloch’s Razorbelly Minnow
 
 
+
19
Parluciosoma daniconius
Blackline Rasbora
Ovari Kendai
 
+
20
Esomus danricus
Flying Barb
Ovari Kendai
 
+
 
21
Family: Cobitidae
Lepidocephalus thermalis
 
Malabar Loach
 
Palli Meen
 
 
+
 
 
22
Order: Siluriformes Family: Bagridae Mystus gulio
 
 
Long-whiskered Catfish
 
 
Pee Keluthi
 
 
+
 
 
+
23
Mystus vittatus
Striped Dwarf Catfish
Keluthi
 
+
 
24
Family: Ariidae
Arius arius
 
Threadfin Marine Catfish
 
Visha Keluthi
 
+
 
25
Arius subrostratus
Shovelnose Marine Catfish
Visha Keluthi
+
 
26
Arius maculates
Spotted Marine Catfish
Visha Keluthi
+
 
 
27
Family: Plotosidae
Plotosus canius
 
Grey Eel Catfish
 
Irun Keluthi
 
+
 
 
 
28
Order: Mugiliformes Family: Mugilidae Liza parsia
 
 
Goldspot Mullet
 
 
Karunthalai Kendai
 
 
+
 
29
Mugil cephalus
Common or Flathead Mullet
Madavai
+
 
30
Valamugil cunesius
Longarm Mullet
Senkani Kendai
+
 
 
 
31
Order: Beloniformes Family: Belonidae Xenotodon cancila
 
 
Freshwater Garfish
 
 
Retta-mooku Kola
 
 
+
 
32
Strongylura strongylura
Spot-tailed gar
Retta-mooku Kola
 
+
 
33
Family: Hemiramphidae
Hyporhamphus limbatus
 
Halfbeak Gar
 
Otha-mooku Kola
 
+
 
+
 
34
Family: Adrianichthyidae
Oryzias melastigma
 
Estuarine Ricefish
 
Kosuru Meen
 
 
+
 
 
35
Order: Cyprinidontiformes Family: Aplocheilidae Aplocheilus parvus
 
 
Dwarf Panchax
 
 
Kosuru Meen
 
 
 
+
 
 
36
Order: Synbranchiformes Family: Mastacembelidae Macrognathus pancalus
 
 
Barred Spiny Eel
 
 
Araa
 
 
 
+
37
Macrognathus aral
Onestripe Spiny Eel
Araa
 
+
 
 
38
Order: Scorpaeniformes Family: Platycephalidae Platycephalus indicus
 
 
Bar-tailed Flathead
 
 
Udupalathi
 
 
+
 
 
 
39
Order: Perciformes Family: Chandidae Ambassis commersoni
 
 
Glassy Perchlet
 
 
Selathan
 
 
+
40
Pseudambassis ranga
Glassfish
 
+
+
 
41
Family: Serranidae
Epinephelus tauvina
 
Greasy Grouper
 
Panni Sethan
 
+
 
 
42
Family: Sillaginidae
Sillago sihama
 
Silver Sillago
 
Kezhangan
 
+
 
 
43
Family: Leiognathidae
Gazza minuta
 
Toothpony
 
Karai
 
+
 
44
Leiognathus brevirostris
Shortnose Ponyfish
Karai
+
 
45
Leiognathus splendens
Splendid Ponyfish
Karai
+
 
46
Secutor insidiator
Pugnose Ponyfish
Karai
+
 
47
Secutor ruconius
Deep Pugnose Ponyfish
Karai
+
 
 
48
Family: Carangidae
Caranx malabaricus
 
Malabar Trevally
 
Parai
 
+
 
49
Carangoides chrysophrys
Longnose Trevally
Parai
+
 
50
Atule mate
Yellowtail Scad
Parai
+
 
 
51
Family: Lutjanidae
Lutjanus argentimaculatus
 
Mangrove Snapper
 
Kal Sankara, Sankara
 
+
 
52
Lutjanus fulviflamma
Dory Snapper
Kathazhai
+
 
 
53
Family: Gerridae
Gerres abbreviatus
 
Mojarra
 
Udan
 
+
 
54
Gerres filamentosus
Whipfin Silveerbiddy
Udan
+
 
55
Gerres poeti
Strong-spined Silverbiddy
Suthumbu
+
 
 
56
Family: Teraponidae
Terapon jarbua
 
Target Perch
 
Keesan
 
+
 
57
Terapon puta
Small-scaled Terapon
Keesan
+
 
 
58
Family: Scatophagidae
Scatophagus argus
 
Spotted Scat
 
Therta, Pilsithi
 
+
 
 
59
Family: Siganidae
Sijanus javus
 
Streaked Spinefoot
 
Ora
 
+
 
 
60
Family: Cichlidae
Etroplus maculates
 
Orange Chromide
 
Sellakasu Meen
 
 
+
61
Etroplus suratensis
Pearl Spot
Seetha Kendai
+
 
62
Oreochromis mossambica
Egyptian Mouthbreeder
Silapi Kendai
+
+
 
63
Family: Gobidae
Boleopthalmus boddarti
 
Mudskipper
 
Kayyan Kuthirai
 
+
 
64
Periopthalmussp.
Mudskipper
Kayyan Kuthirai
+
 
65
Yongeichthys criniger
 
 
+
 
66
Glossogobius giurus
Tank Goby
Uluvai
 
+
 
67
Family: Anabantidae
Anabas testudineus
 
Climbing Perch
 
Panangottai Meen
 
 
+
 
68
Family: Belontidae
Macropodus cupanus
 
Indian Paradise Fish
 
 
 
+
 
69
Family: Channidae
Channa punctatus
 
Spotted Snakehead
 
Kuravai
 
 
+
70
Channa striatus
Striped Snakehead
Veral
 
+
 
 
71
Order: Pleuronectiformes Family: Soleidae Euryglossa orientalis
 
 
Oriental Sole
 
 
Naku Meen
 
 
+
 
72
Cynoglossussp.
Tongue Sole
Naku Meen
+
 
73
Pseudorhombus arsius
Flounder
Naku Meen
+
 
 
 
74
Order: Tetraodontiformes Family: Triacanthidae Triacanthus brevirostris
 
 
Tripod Fish
 
 
Mullurivi
 
 
+
 
 
75
Family: Tetradontidae
Tetrodon fluviatilis
 
Puffer
 
Norai Thankala
 
+
 
 
 
 

 

Reference: Eric Ramanujam, M. and R. Anbarasan, 2009. A priliminary report on the ichthyofauna of Yedayanthittu estuary (Tamil Nadu, India) and rivulets draining into it. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 1(5): 287–294.